This factsheet explains the relationships between HIV/AIDS, environmental issues, and gender equity. HIV/AIDS is having ever-increasing impacts on biodiversity conservation and natural resources by reducing human capacity for conservation and resource management. Strong gender linkages accelerate the vicious cycle of HIV/AIDS, land and natural resource degradation, and poverty.
Each contracting party of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) must develop National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) which must include the active involvement of all social groups. This factesheet highlights examples of how different countries included gender in their NBSAPs.