CDM project co-benefits in Bogotá, Colombia: Rapid and reliable bus transport for urban communities
The TransMilenio Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) project (Phase II to IV) involves the design of a comprehensive and sustainable mass urban transport system in the city of Bogotá, Colombia The project has overhauled the disaggregated city bus system of Bogotá, replacing over 9,000 old inefficient buses with over 1,200 large capacity centrally fleet managed modern buses. A range of upgrades were incorporated including new infrastructure of over 130 km of dedicated bus lanes, a range of feeder networks integrating into the main system, and a new integrated fare card system to allow free transfers. Implementation problems have led to slower than expected uptake, however, passenger journey numbers increased from 94 million per year in 2006 to 134 million in 2009, with the new extensions to the system currently under development being expected to increase total passenger journeys to more than 400 million per year after 2012. Despite the increases in passengers, the project will reduce emissions by almost 250,000 tonnes per year.