Checklist for Gender Mainstreaming in the Infrastructure Sector
Current research suggests that there is differentiated access to use of and control over infrastructure facilities and services by men and women, linked to inequalities in intra- household relations, property rights and cultural restrictions. Yet in reality infrastructure projects are often gender insensitive because it is assumed that women and men will automatically equally benefit from new infrastructure, without due acknowledgement of the full range of social and economic impacts, whether positive or negative. Too often, the positive outcomes experienced by women through infrastructural projects have been unintended and unplanned. Well-designed, appropriately located and affordably priced infrastructure can be a powerful tool in the pursuit of gender equality. Therefore, gender mainstreaming should not only be regarded as a factor requiring attention in infrastructure projects but rather must be considered as a critical factor in ensuring the project’s success and sustainability by ensuring that women do not become worse off both absolutely and in relation to men.
The objective of this checklist is to provide a tool for effective mainstreaming of gender in infrastructure programs and projects to: (i) guide task managers and implementation teams to plan, design, implement, monitor and evaluate gender-sensitive and responsive infrastructure projects; and (ii) assist RMC projects implementers to become both agents for ensuring effective gender analysis and mainstreaming of gender in Bank supported infrastructure development interventions.