China: Ensuring Women’s Rights to Grassland and Related Subsidies and Rewards
This case study identifies good practices and lessons learned about ensuring women’s rights to grassland and grass- land-related subsidies and rewards in the Grassland Ecology Conservation Subsidy and Reward Mechanism (GECSRM)
in China. The GECSRM, launched by the Chinese Central Government in 2011, aims to provide financial incentives to protect grassland from degradation and raise the living standards for herders. However, this program and the distribution of subsi- dies and rewards to herders raise new issues for women, mostly because their rights to grassland within their household are not clearly defined and protected.
Authorities in one area of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in China have introduced a policy change that alters the method of the distribution of subsidies and rewards. This different method has improved women’s ability to guarantee a more equal share of the program’s subsidies and rewards.