First in a series of briefs, this provides an overview of the role of women in the formal energy sector. It presents evidence that women’s equal participation in the sector will result in measurable benefits, including increased returns on investments and stronger development outcomes. Advancing Gender in the Environment (AGENT) Thematic Energy Brief Series The […]
This briefing paper explores the key human rights and envi-ronmental and social principles set forth in the preamble of the Paris Agreement.
Subsidy reform will likely reduce household expenditure on women’s needs and reduce women’s access to modern energy sources, affecting their economic opportunities and respiratory health. Reform can have positive effects if it leads to improved energy supply systems (increasing energy access), but this is likely to take place over the medium term. There is currently […]
Gender equality is fundamental to achieving sustainable development, as recognized by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)—explicitly in SDG 5 on gender equality, and as a prerequisite to achieving other SDGs, from improved education to health to addressing climate change. By actively engaging both women and men in all segments of society, countries can tap into […]
Without access to modern energy services, women and girls spend most of their time on basic tasks that are time-consuming, non-remunerative and highly laborious, such as collecting biomass fuels. This further exacerbates gender inequalities as many women are unable to access wage employment, education or business opportunities due to these responsibilities, and also limits options […]
This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on creating an alternative gender-responsive macroeconomic agenda. Macroeconomic policy, including fiscal and monetary policy, is often thought of as gender-neutral. But economic policy choices affect women and men differently because of their different positions in the economy, both market (paid) and non-market (unpaid). For instance, budget […]
This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on transforming pension systems to reduce gender gaps and protect women’s income security in old age. Ageing has a female face. Women not only live longer than men but are also less likely to enjoy income security and economic independence in old age. Because of a […]
ECEC services have come to occupy an important place on the global policy agenda. While some developed countries have long invested in this area, a growing number of developing countries are following suit. As those who carry out the bulk of childcare—as unpaid caregivers as well as service providers in day-care and preschool institutions—women have […]
This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on making social protection floors work for women. The idea of a social protection floor (SPF) is now firmly established on the global development agenda. Defined as a set of minimum guarantees, including basic income security for children, working-age adults, older people and people with disabilities, […]
This brief is a contribution to the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21). It provides an overview of how well members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) are integrating gender equality into their bilateral aid to climate change.