Policy Brief

Subsidy reform will likely reduce household expenditure on women’s needs and reduce women’s access to modern energy sources, affecting their economic opportunities and respiratory health. Reform can have positive effects if it leads to improved energy supply systems (increasing energy access), but this is likely to take place over the medium term. There is currently […]

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Without access to modern energy services, women and girls spend most of their time on basic tasks that are time-consuming, non-remunerative and highly laborious, such as collecting biomass fuels. This further exacerbates gender inequalities as many women are unable to access wage employment, education or business opportunities due to these responsibilities, and also limits options […]

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This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on creating an alternative gender-responsive macroeconomic agenda. Macroeconomic policy, including fiscal and monetary policy, is often thought of as gender-neutral. But economic policy choices affect women and men differently because of their different positions in the economy, both market (paid) and non-market (unpaid). For instance, budget […]

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ECEC services have come to occupy an important place on the global policy agenda. While some developed countries have long invested in this area, a growing number of developing countries are following suit. As those who carry out the bulk of childcare—as unpaid caregivers as well as service providers in day-care and preschool institutions—women have […]

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This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on making social protection floors work for women. The idea of a social protection floor (SPF) is now firmly established on the global development agenda. Defined as a set of minimum guarantees, including basic income security for children, working-age adults, older people and people with disabilities, […]

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