Energy interventions have differentiated impacts on women and men, a fact that is rarely addressed, recorded or assessed by programs and projects. Empirical research suggests that household access to electricity can increase girls’ school enrolment in particular, but generally there is a lack of indicators to identify which type of interventions have the highest, positive impact on the lives of girls and boys, and women and men.
Moreover, the demand and use of energy services is not evenly distributed between males and females. While males typically benefit more from large-scale electricity supply either through employment in electricity intensive manufacturing or from involvement in the establishment of the infrastructure, females are relatively highly represented in remote locations, where highest energy demands are for irrigation and cooking.
Indicators can be used for different purposes- the above topics are relevant for assessment of benefits. A different set of indicators is needed for evaluation of project or policy design- such as in gender sensitivity to avoiding risks of potential negative consequences of interventions.
At a moment when the international community has agreed to work towards achieving new development pathways through the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals–with the goal of achieving universal access to modern energy sources and achieving gender equality by 2030-and the generation of co-benefits from mitigation initiatives, it becomes imperative to understand how progress in the energy sector can be measured in a manner that it captures the social, and specifically the gender, impacts of its interventions.
The webinar was moderated by Ana Rojas, IUCN, and included the following presentations:
- Setting the stage: introduction to what is relevant to measure in the field of gender and energy with AnneMarije Kooijman, ENERGIA
- Getting the right gender indicators: observations, challenges and strategies with Tanja Winthers, University of Ohio
- How can the Sustainable Energy for All Global Tracking Framework contribute to improving our understanding of energy and gender issues? with Vivien Foster, World Bank
This webinar is a joint collaboration between IUCN’s GECCO initiative* and ENERGIA. The Gender Equality for Climate Change Opportunities (GECCO) initiative is a five-year program launched by USAID and IUCN in 2014. GECCO’s overall goal is to leverage advancements in women’s empowerment and gender equality through, and for, the benefit of climate change and development outcomes. Through its series of webinars, GECCO aims at increasing knowledge and sensitization of key stakeholders in the energy and mitigation sectors as a means to advance women’s empowerment. This fifth webinar of the series is tasked with deepening the discussions on women’s participation in the renewable energy sector and the identification of strategies that can support them join and remain in the sector.
*The former Gender Equality for Climate Change Opportunities (GECCO) initiative is now part of a broader program, Advancing Gender in the Environment (AGENT), which aims to improve development outcomes by strengthening environmental programing through gender integration and achieving gender equality outcomes.