Around the world, rooted in discriminatory gender norms and shrouded in impunity, gender-based violence (GBV) occurs in all societies as a means of control, subjugation and exploitation that further feeds gender inequality. GBV is used as a form of socio-economic control to maintain or promote unequal and gendered power dynamics across all sectors and contexts, including in relation to the ownership, access, use and benefits from natural resources. Gender-based violence and environment linkages: The violence of inequality reviews the ways in which the potential for violence related to natural resources is particularly augmented in the face of natural resource scarcity, environmental stressors and threats. Reviewing over 1,000 sources of information, gathering nearly 100 case study submissions and having analyzed survey responses from over 300 practitioners along with numerous expert-informant interviews, this study focuses on three major areas where GBV-environment linkages act as barriers to equitable, effective, rights-based conservation and sustainable development: access and control over natural resources; environmental pressures and threats; and environmental action to conserve, defend and protect natural resources. Produced by the International Union for Conservation (IUCN) under its partnership with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) on Advancing Gender in the Environment (AGENT), this study presents findings on GBV-environment linkages towards supporting strengthened action across sustainable development and conservation sectors.
Gender-based violence and environment linkages: The violence of inequality
- Castañeda Camey, I., Sabater, L., Owren, C. and Boyer, A.E., Wen, J. (ed.)
- Castañeda Camey, I., Sabater, L., Owren, C. and Boyer, A.E. (2020). Gender-based violence and environment linkages: The violence of inequality. Wen, J. (ed.). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 272pp.
Academia | Access and Use | Accessing and Controlling Natural Resources | Adaptation and Resilience | Addressing Gender-Based Violence | Addressing Masculinities | Addressing Traditional Barriers | Advancing Women’s Participation and Leadership | Affordable and Clean Energy | AGENT | Agriculture | Artisanal Mining | Asia and the Pacific | Beijing Platform for Action | Building Gender Knowledge and Capacities | Civil Society | Clean Water and Sanitation | Climate Action | Climate Change | Climate-Related Conflict | Commodities | Conservation | Conservation Case | Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) | Decent Work and Economic Growth | Decision Making | Deforestation | Deforestation and Degradation | Desertification | Disaster Risk Management | Disaster Risk Reduction | Documents and resources | Donors and Funds | Energy and Infrastructure | Energy Poverty | Engaging Men and Boys | English | Extractives | Farming | Filling Knowledge and Data Gaps | Firewood Collection | Fisheries | Food Security | Forest Degradation | Forests | GBV Center | Gender Equality | Gendered Work Burdens | Global | Good Health and Well-being | Government | Health Impacts | Human Rights Case | Human-Wildlife Conflict | Illegal | Illegal Logging | Illegal Mining | Illegal Wildlife Trade | Indigenous Women | Industry Innovation and Infrastructure | Integrating Gender in the Project Cycle | IUCN | Land and Resource Rights | Large-Scale Extractives | Latin America and the Caribbean | Life Below Water | Life on Land | Logging | Making the Case | Male Engagement Strategies | Middle East and North Africa | No Poverty | Non-Timber Forest Products | North America | Partnerships to achieve the Goal | Peace and Justice Strong Institutions | Private Sector | Protected Areas | Protecting Defenders | Quality Education | Rangers | Reduced Inequality | Report | Responsible Consumption and Production | Sanitation | Social Inclusion and Intersectionality | State Fragility and Climate Resilience | Sub-Saharan Africa | Sustainable Cities and Communities | Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) | Sustainable Landscapes | Unreported and Unregulated Fishing | Water | Water Access | Water Collection | Water Management | Wildlife | Wildlife Management | Women Environmental Human Rights Defenders | Zero Hunger