Green Livelihoods Alliance (GLA)

GLA and Gender

GLA is a strategic partnership between Milieudefensie, IUCN Netherlands (IUCN NL), Tropenbos International (TBI) and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. GLA seeks to strengthen CSO lobby and advocacy capacity in nine countries—Bolivia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Indonesia, Liberia, Nigeria, Philippines, Uganda and Viet Nam—to influence policies and practices of public and private actors that address land tenure and access to land, inclusive decision making on land use, and nature-based approaches in forest land management in order to work effectively toward equitable and sustainable governance of forested landscapes.

GLA emphasizes the importance of gender and inclusivity principles throughout its work and includes a gender strategy in the programme document, which intends “to celebrate diversity, strengthen female leadership and entrepreneurship, and foster women that can act as agents of change towards inclusive and sustainable governance of forested landscapes.” The IUCN Global Gender Office supports capacity building of coordinating and country partners to integrate gender-responsive action across GLA.

The IUCN Global Gender Office is available on request to support GLA country partners, including for example, to review or advise on workplans, identify useful tools and resources, or connect with local gender experts to support specific activities such as trainings. Please contact Seline Meijer ( with any questions or suggestions!

Resources for partners

The following are several publications–from IUCN GGO and other organizations–that are intended to help guide partners in understanding the linkages between gender and GLA-related themes, planning interventions with a gender lens, implementing gender-responsive programs, and furthering global efforts on gender equality and women’s empowerment.

General resources on gender and environment

Roots for the Future: This publication presents the latest research, data, strategies, and results on gender and climate change policy making and programming. In English | En Español | En Français

Gender-responsive restoration guidelines: These guidelines have been developed to ensure the application of Restoration Opportunities Assessment Methodology (ROAM) and the ensuing Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) implementation, including any policy uptake and land-use planning, is gender responsive. In English

Making sense of ‘intersectionality’: A manual for lovers of people and forests: This manual aims to introduce ‘intersectionality’ to researchers working on forestry and agroforestry who are unfamiliar with the term, and to provide tips and strategies for applying it in their own work. In English

Open Online Course on Gender and Environment: This course provides an overview of the linkages between gender and the environment linked to biodiversity, climate change, land degradation, international waters, and chemicals and waste. It provides knowledge and tools to mainstream gender, and gives facts and figures to foster a better understanding of the global international frameworks related to gender and environment. A certificate is available to those that complete the course. In English

Mainstreaming gender in projects

Key questions for mainstreaming in work planning: This is a short list of questions to consider when drafting a work plan to help mainstream gender considerations. (This resource is adapted from a longer handbook on mainstreaming gender in projects by UNDP, which can be found here.) In English

Framework for Conducting Gender Responsive Analysis: This methodology uses key questions to uncover gender gaps and issues at local, institutional and national levels, as well as gendered differences in the distribution of benefits, risks and opportunities. In English

A User Guide to Gender Analysis in Agroforestry: A user guide for researchers with methods and tools for responsive participatory research adapted to elicit gender specific information and to improve understanding of gender preferences and choices, as well as gendered impacts. In English | En Español

Toward Equity Series: This nine volume series offers concrete suggestions and recommendations for incorporating a gender equity perspective into every stage of the project cycle. In English | En Español | En Français

Gender and sustainable forest management: This note focuses on women’s livelihoods and employment in the forest sector, highlighting key issues of access to and ownership of forest resources and land, and practical guidelines, including a checklist and indicators, to mainstream gender in the sustainable forest management project cycle. In English

Mainstreaming gender into forestry interventions in Asia and the Pacific: This training manual aims to enhance knowledge and skills in gender mainstreaming, including gender analysis and the integration of the findings from the analysis into the design of forestry interventions. In English

Mainstreaming gender into forest policies in Asia and the Pacific: The report tries to understand how gender perspectives are being integrated in the forest policies in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Fiji, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. In English

Forest and land governance

The African Women’s Network for Community Management of Forests (REFACOF): This case study outlines the work of REFACOF, which aims to make concrete, meaningful, and effective contributions to forest governance in order to influence national policies and international frameworks regarding women’s rights and tenure in member countries. In English

Gender and Collectively Held Land: This report outlines good practices and lessons learned from six global case studies where collective tenure arrangements are either being formalized or supported for the sake of securing the community’s rights to land. In English

Ghana: Gender and the Land Access and Tenure Security Project: This case study identifies good practices and lessons learned about including gender in a project designed to sensitize communities about the importance of securing land rights, build capacity of customary land secretariats, and provide alternative dispute resolution training to traditional authorities in the Northern Region of Ghana. In English


Energizing equality: This assessment has been conducted to identify and understand the degree to which gender considerations have been addressed in energy policies, plans and strategies worldwide. In English | En Español

Energizing equality – sub-Saharan Africa: This assessment has been conducted to identify and understand the degree to which gender considerations have been addressed in energy policies, plans and strategies in sub-Saharan Africa. In English 

Making the Case for Women in the Energy Sector: This brief provides an overview of the role of women in the formal energy sector. It presents evidence that women’s equal participation in the sector will result in measurable benefits, including increased returns on investments and stronger development outcomes. In English

ECOWAS Policy for Gender Mainstreaming in Energy Access: The purpose of this policy is to provide policy-makers with instrumental and human rights based indicators and rigorous arguments to align energy interventions with principles of gender equality. In English

Mainstreaming Gender in Energy Projects – A Practical Handbook: This resource kit has been developed by Energia and includes a handbook and resource pack for mainstreaming gender in energy projects. In English

Gender and energy research programme: This programme is concerned with extending the knowledge base on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 5 and 7 (goals on gender equality and women’s empowerment and sustainable energy access, respectively. In English

Gender Tool Kit – Energy Going Beyond the Meter: This tool kit provides users with a set of tools to design energy projects that are gender responsive. It contains key questions to be asked during gender analysis, examples of gender-inclusive design features and gender indicators, and a number of case studies of recent ADB-financed projects. In English

Agro commodities

IDH Gender Toolkit: This resource aims to raise awareness, encourage, and inspire to integrate gender aspects into supply chain approaches. In English

Gender issues in large-scale land acquisition: This report attempts to close gender knowledge gaps by considering women’s voice and agency in decisions related to palm development, and the gendered distribution of associated benefits and costs from oil palm development. In English

Gender-based impacts of commercial oil palm plantations in Kalangala: This paper examines gender-based impacts of commercial oil palm in Bugala island, Kalangala district, where large scale oil palm development is ongoing. In English

Further reading

For those interested in more in-depth information on gender considerations in forested landscapes, visit the following websites for academic literature and case studies:



GLA and gender webinars

  • Gender and environment 101: This webinar establishes critical linkages between gender and the environment and indicates the added value of gender mainstreaming in programming. (Video recording available in English with slides in English, Spanish, and French.)
  • Mainstreaming gender in the project cycle:  This webinar outlines key considerations to mainstream gender throughout the project cycle, including through a gender analysis, indicators, budgeting, and activities. (Video recording and slides available in English, Spanish, and French.)

Other relevant webinars

Shared Resources, Joint Solutions (SRJS) is another programme under IUCN-NL and WWF-NL in which IUCN GGO provides technical capacity building on gender. IUCN GGO facilitated two webinars that invited SRJS partners to share experiences in mainstreaming gender in programme activities:

Advancing Gender in the Environment (AGENT) is a ten-year PIO grant to the IUCN that was established in 2014 and is managed by E3’s Office of Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment. Under the AGENT energy work, IUCN GGO facilitates periodic webinars on gender and environment issues: AGENT Energy Webinar Series