Examining the Alignment Between the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions and Sustainable Development Goals
The year 2015 was a signi cant turning point for both the sustainable development and climate agendas. Two major international processes were concluded: the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the adoption of a new international climate agreement, the Paris Agreement, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
This working paper explores the extent to which the two agendas are aligned in a concrete way by identifying examples of climate actions in the INDCs that have the potential to generate mutual benefits with the SDGs. Examples of climate targets, goals, policies and measures (collectively referred to as climate actions) were drawn from across the INDCs and compared to the 169 targets underpinning the 17 SDGs. Across the INDCs examined, we found climate actions that were aligned with 154 of the 169 SDG targets.