Women and Natural Resources: Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential
A lack of access to natural resources, including minerals, water and land, is often the underlying cause of many conflicts around the world. When managed properly however, as part of a peacebuilding strategy, these same resources can also be utilized, and their benefits shared to generate sustainable livelihoods that help guarantee peace and achieve sustainable human development. Women have the potential to play a critical role in this process, as they use and manage land and other natural resources, while meeting water, food and energy needs in households and communities. However, this use rarely translates into women being allowed to influence the distribution of natural resources or being given a decision making role when the management of resources is discussed and peace is negotiated. This report analyzes the reasons behind this discrepancy, its implications for long-term peace and development and suggests some solutions.