This manual acts as a tool for mainstreaming a gender perspective into marine coastal management plans in the Mesoamerican region. It provides recommendations for how to include a gender perspective into these plans while providing the basis for why this is important.
This fact-sheet shows why a gender perspective is important for fishery and aquaculture policies and practices. At least 50 million women in developing countries are employed in the fishing industry, predominantly in low-grade, unskilled jobs. Sustainable coastal-marine zone management and conservation requires a clear understanding of the differences and inequalities between women and men.
From its initiation in July 1994, the Tanga Coastal Zone Conservation and Development Programme (Tanga Programme) in northern Tanzania, has recognised the needs of men and women and taken explicit steps to involve them both in all steps of resource management, so that greater equity can be achieved in well-being, access to resources, participation in decision making, and control over resources.