Ecosystem-specific Methodologies

Anchored in a technical scientific environmental institution, over the years GGO has developed multiple methodology guideline frameworks for various specific ecosystems in different regions around the world for enhancing gender considerations, as well as harnessing the particular and local knowledge of women.


Disaster Risk Reduction

The number and magnitude of natural disasters continues to increase, and climate change is expected to exacerbate the severity and frequency of weather-related hazards such as storms, high rainfalls, floods, droughts, landslides, water stress and heat waves. Natural disasters can disrupt a functioning community or society, causing human, material, economic and environmental losses, in sum, affecting human development as a whole. Studies on the impacts of disasters have shown that inequalities in social relations, economic assets and political power exacerbate human vulnerabilities, as a result, the impact of disasters worsens the unequal conditions faced by women, children, indigenous peoples and the elders, among others.

GGO has a long history working on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) from a gender perspective, including its technical guidance and advocacy work related to the Hyogo Framework for Action and in its DRR training materials. Effective gender-responsive DRR—much of which at the leadership of local women themselves—also remains as an important theme throughout the Climate Change Gender Action Plans (ccGAPs) .


The world is on the brink of a clean energy revolution—a revolution that is essential to mitigating the effects of climate change. Gender equality could be transformative for a clean energy future for many key reasons. The current gap in knowledge on the intersection of these sectors is an impediment to reaching development and economic goals, including mitigating climate change and enhancing the advancement of women.


Restoration Opportunity Assessment Manual (ROAM), a publication of the IUCN Global Forest and Climate Change Program, provides a flexible and affordable framework approach for countries to rapidly identify and analyze forest landscape restoration (FLR) potential and locate specific areas of opportunity at a national or sub-national level. It can also provide vital support to countries seeking to move forward with developing restoration programmes and landscape-level strategies.

ROAM has been reviewed and analyzed by GGO to be gender-inclusive and responsive in its methodological approach and outcomes.